0–9

1G
First generation cellular systems (analog).
1xEV-DO
1 times Evolution‐Data Optimized. Packet‐Radio data service using CDMA cellular technologies, governed by the ANSI‐2000 specification.
1xRTT
1 times Radio Transmission Technology. Packet‐Radio data service using CDMA cellular technologies, governed by the ANSI‐2000 specification.
2G
Second generation cellular systems (digital).
3G
Third generation cellular systems (enhanced data rates digital).
3GPP
3rd Generation Partnership Project. See www.3gpp.org.
3GPP2
3rd Generation Partnership Project 2. See www.3gpp2.org.
4G
Fourth generation cellular systems (such as LTE).

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A Band
The non‐wireline radio frequency spectrum allocated for wireless cellular services (for other than the existing wireline companies when service was started).
A Link
Access Link. Carries signals between an STP and an SP or SCP.
A Side
See A Band.
AAA
Authentication, Authorization and Accounting.
AC
Authentication Center.
ACCH
Analog Control Channel. In digital cellular standards, the analog frequency control channels are separate from the digital control channels. See also DCCH.
ACH
Access Channel.
ACK
Acknowledgement event or signal.
AerAdmin™
The Aeris web page and Web Service that Customers use for provisioning, activating and managing their Devices that are using the Aeris Network Services.
AerBill™
The Aeris billing system that generates invoices for the Devices using the Aeris Network Services.
AerCommand™
The Aeris broadcast paging system and service for transmitting commands to a large number of Devices in a region.
AerFrame
A connection framework to access the Aeris Network Services. AerFrame provides data connections for transceiving data from Devices.
Aeris 1x OnDemand™
An Aeris Network Service using ANSI‐2000 1xRTT. See Aeris Network Services.
Aeris Cellular Carrier Partners
The cellular carriers with whom Aeris contracts for coverage. (Abbreviation: Carriers).
Aeris Data Center
Aeris maintains multiple, geographically‐diverse, Data Centers, where the Customer Host systems can connect to, and receive data from, the Devices in the field. See also Data Center.
Aeris Device
The entire remote hardware including the Aeris RF Module, the Application Module and Firmware, and if used, the GPS hardware. (Abbreviation: Device).
Aeris Device Application Module and Firmware
The logic built into the Device that controls the overall operation of the Device, including the Module (except for the Module’s autonomous functions when under power) and relevant exception reporting algorithms. (Abbreviation: Application).
Aeris EDGE OnDemand™
An Aeris Network Service using EDGE. See Aeris Network Services.
Aeris EV-DO OnDemand™
An Aeris Network Service using ANSI‐2000 1xEV‐DO. See Aeris Network Services.
Aeris GPRS OnDemand™
An Aeris Network Service using GPRS. See Aeris Network Services.
Aeris Network Services
A collective term for the data and voice services that Aeris provides to Customers and Developers.
Aeris RF Module
The subset of the Device that handles the communication with the cellular network and which provides a data interface for the Application Firmware. (Abbreviation: Module and RF Module).
Aeris Voice OnDemand™
An Aeris Network Service providing voice services using CDMA or GSM cellular. See Aeris Network Services.
AerPort™
The Aeris web page portal for Customers to access for detailed information on the Aeris Network Services and their Devices that are using the Aeris Network Services.
AerTraffic™
The Aeris web page portal and the Web Service that Customers use to retrieve information on their deployed Devices and the data traffic that these Devices have generated.
AMPS
Advanced Mobile Phone System (or Service). The cellular radio services deployed in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Caribbean, Central and South America, New Zealand and a few Asian countries. See also D‐AMPS, CDMA and TDMA.
Note: The AMPS cellular networks have been decommissioned. The D‐AMPS and IS‐136 TDMA cellular networks have also been mostly (if not entirely) decommissioned.
ANI
Automated Number Identification.
ANSI
American National Standards Institute. A body that maintains and disseminates common standards in the United States. ANSI standards are applicable to a wide range of markets and products—well beyond the scope of Aeris or cellular.
ANSI-41
See IS‐41.
ANSI-2000
An EIA and ANSI cellular standard governing the operation of 1xRTT and 1xEV‐DO CDMA cellular data devices.
API
Application Programming Interface.
APN
Access Point Name.
Application
See Aeris Device Application Module and Firmware.
Application Developer
A general collective term describing the Aeris Customer who is developing and deploying the Aeris Device and Host. (Abbreviation: Developer).
Application Developer Host
The computer hardware and software resident in the Developer or Customer Data Center that connects to the Aeris Data Center systems via the Internet or direct connection. (Abbreviation: Host).
ARPU
Average Revenue Per Unit (or User).
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
ASIC
Application‐Specific Integrated Circuit.
AuC
See AC.
Authentication
Determines user identity, role, permissions, etc. The most common form of authentication is a user name and a password

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B Band
The radio frequency spectrum allocated for wireless cellular services (by the existing wireline companies when service was started.)
B Link
Bridge Link. Carries SS7 signals between STP systems.
B Side
See B Band.
BER
Bit Error Rate.
BS
Base Station. The radios and other equipment at the cell sites that are used to communicate with the cellular devices.
BSC
Base Station Controller. The equipment that consolidates and controls multiple BS sites (usually, more than one BS is attached to a BSC).
BSID
Broadcast SID.

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Caller ID
See CNIP.
Carriers
See Aeris Cellular Carrier Partners.
CCAD
Control Channel Application Data. Aeris acronym used in patent filings for the MicroBurst technology. It is not used in current Aeris technical documents.
CDG
CDMA Development Group. See www.cdg.org.
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access. Digital cellular phone service method that separates multiple transmissions over a finite frequency allocation using Spread Spectrum techniques (concept invented and patented by Hedy Lamar).
Cell site
The location of the site used to house the BS and associated equipment.
CLLI Code
Common Language Location Identifier Code. A term used to identify locations and nodes on SS7 networks by name. Pronounced “silly code”.
CNIP
Calling Number Identity Presentation. Delivery and display of calling party number. Commonly known as “Caller ID”.
Controller
The μcontroller, or μprocessor, in the Device, external (but “connected”) to the Module, which executes the firmware of the Application.
Customer
The Aeris Customer once their Device and the Host have passed Qualification and the Device is in commercial status. Thus, Customer is a subset of the term Developer. See also Developer.
CTIA
Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association. A Washington‐based cellular industry association. See www.ctia.org.

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D-AMPS
Digital Advanced Mobile Phone System (or Service). Digital cellular radio service that is used to separate multiple communications transmissions on a finite frequency band—typically services based on ANSI‐41 standards deployed in North and South America. See also TDMA and CDMA.
Data Center
A collective term for the physical site, network elements, systems, etc., that supports computing and network services. See also Aeris Data Center.
Data Delivery
The data transmitted from the Device and sent to the Host. Data Delivery also refers to the interface protocol for the connection from the Host to Aeris that receives this data. See also Page Delivery.
DCCH
Digital Control Channel. A channel used to transmit control information in a digital cellular system. See also ACCH.
DPC
Destination Point Code. The address of a node on a signaling network that is the recipient of an SS7 message. The DPC and OPC are contained within the message. See also OPC.
Developer
See Application Developer.
Device
See Aeris Device.
DSP
Digital Signal Processor.
Dual-Band
The ability of a cellular device to operate in more than one cellular band of frequencies. For example, an ANSI‐2000 CDMA cellular device that can operate in both the North American 800Mhz and 1900Mhz cellular frequency bands. See also Dual‐Mode.
Dual-Mode
The ability of a cellular device to utilize two cellular technologies—generally one digital cellular technology that is compatible, and combined, with analog AMPS. For example, a device that can operate in ANSI‐2000 CDMA as well as EIA‐553 AMPS in a single cellular device. See also Dual‐Band.

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EDGE
Enhanced Data for a Global Environment, or
Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution, or
Enhanced Data for Global Evolution.
EDGE OnDemand
See Aeris EDGE OnDemand.
EIA
Electronic Industries Alliance. A Washington‐based alliance of industry associations (for example, the TIA).
EIA-41D
See IS‐41.
EIA-41E
See IS‐41.
EIR
Equipment Identity Register.
ESN
Electronic Serial Number. The unique hardware number associated with a cellular device, which is transmitted to the system when the device communicates with the cellular system. See also MEID.
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute. Based in Sophia Antipolis (France), ETSI is an independent, non‐profit organization, officially responsible for standardization of Information and Communication Technologies within Europe.
EV-DO OnDemand
See Aeris EV‐DO OnDemand.

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FA
Foreign Agent. The specific network infrastructure at the Visited Carrier that controls and connects the ANSI‐2000 Packet‐Radio sessions. See also HA.
FDP
Forward Data Packet. This is an Aeris packet type and method used to deliver data digits, in the forward direction, to a Device.
FEATREQ
Remote Feature Control Request. The ANSI‐41 message format used to transport MicroBurst data from the MSC to the Aeris data systems.
Fixed Aeris Application
An Application installed in a physical location (e.g., mounted on a wall in a building) and that is not expected to physically move (i.e., change location) while providing the Application functionality, even though it uses a “mobile” cellular radio.
Fixed Application
See Fixed Aeris Application.
FOCC
Forward Control Channel. The radio channel used for communication of control and page messages from a BS to a cellular device.
Forward Data
See FDP.
FVC
Forward Voice Channel. The radio channel used for communication of voice or user data from the BS to a cellular device.

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GERAN
GSM EDGE Radio Access Network.
GGSN
Gateway GPRS Support Node.
GPRS
General Packet‐Radio Service.
GPRS OnDemand
See Aeris GPRS OnDemand.
GPS
Global Positioning System. A system of satellites and radio transmissions that can be used to locate GPS‐enabled hardware anywhere on the planet to a very good accuracy.
GSM
Global System for Mobile Communications.
GSMA
GSM Association. see www.gsma.org.

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HA
Home Agent. The specific network infrastructure at the home Carrier that controls and terminates ANSI‐2000 Packet‐Radio sessions. See also FA.
HLR
Home Location Register. An SCP database that maintains subscriber data related to features and services for cellular devices.
Host
See Application Developer Host.
HSDPA
High‐Speed Downlink Packet Access. A high‐speed data service to a cellular device using W‐CDMA cellular technologies.
HSUPA
High‐Speed Uplink Packet Access. A high‐speed data service from a cellular device using W‐CDMA cellular technologies.

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ICCID
Integrated Circuit Card IDentifier. The unique identifier for a SIM.
IFAST
International Forum on ANSI‐41 Standards Technologies. IFAST is an open, international forum whose mission is to facilitate the identification and resolution of technical issues to enable the international interoperability of systems using the ANSI family of standards resulting in the steady migration toward seamless service. IFAST also allocates non‐dialable numbers in the MIN/MSID ranges 0XX‐XXX‐XXXX, 1XX‐XXX‐XXXX, NXX‐0XX‐XXXX, and NXX‐1XX‐XXXX (where N ranges from 2‐9, inclusive, and X ranges from 0‐9, inclusive). IFAST also makes International SID assignments. See www.ifast.org.
IMEI
International Mobile Equipment Identifier (or Identity.) A unique serial number associated with an ME—the cellular device.
IMSI
International Mobile Subscriber Identifier (or Identity.) A unique identification number (generally associated with a SIM) used by a subscriber. Defined in IS‐95 CDMA, ANSI‐2000 CDMA and IS‐136 TDMA, it is currently used primarily in GSM cellular networks.
IS-41
Interim Standard 41. The signaling protocol (typically used over SS7 networks) for North American and PCS cellular systems—although versions are deployed in other countries that are using ANSI cellular technologies. The released versions include IS‐41, IS‐41A, IS‐41B and IS‐41C. The EIA has accepted this protocol standard and issued EIA‐41D and EIA‐41E (also known as ANSI‐41); however, EIA‐41E is not yet a currently deployed standard in most cellular networks. IS‐41F is in review.
IS-95
Interim Standard 95. The EIA/TIA standard that governs the operation of CDMA cellular service. Versions include IS‐95A and IS‐95B. See also CDMA.
IS-136
Interim Standard 136. The EIA/TIA standard that governs the operation of North American TDMA cellular service—versions include IS‐136A. See also TDMA.

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LATA
Local Access and Transport Area. Consists of approximately 200 local service areas in the U.S. in which local telephone companies may provide telecommunications services.
LBS
Location‐Based Services.
LEC
Local Exchange Carrier.
LNP
Local Number Portability.
LTE
Long Term Evolution.

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M2M
Machine‐to‐Machine.
MAC Address
Media Access Control Address. A unique value associated with a network adapter.
MAN
Metropolitan Area Network.
MAP
Mobile Application Part.
MAPI
Messaging Application Programming Interface.
Manufacturer
See Module Manufacturer.
MC
Message Center.
MDN
Mobile Directory Number. The directory listing telephone number that is dialed (generally using POTS) to reach a mobile unit. The MDN is usually associated with an MSID in a cellular telephone.
ME
Mobile Equipment. The cellular device. Typically used in GSM cellular to describe the cellular handset containing the radio section, into which a SIM can be inserted for setting actual service.
MEID
Mobile Equipment Identifier. A new Device Identifier that has replaced the ESN in new ANSI‐2000 handsets and Devices. See also ESN.
MIN
Mobile Identification Number. The unique account number associated with a Device. It is broadcast by the Device when accessing the cellular system. The term MIN has been replaced by MSID. See also MSID. Mobile Aeris Application
An Application that is installed in a moving location (e.g., in a vehicle or truck) and is expected to physically move (i.e., change its location) while providing its Application functionality.
Mobile Application
See Mobile Aeris Application.
Module
See Aeris RF Module.
Module Manufacturer
The designer, manufacturer and vendor of the Module.
MO-SMS
Mobile‐Originated SMS. See also MT‐SMS and SMS.
MRC
Monthly Recurring Charge. Typically the montly service plan charge on a Customer invoice that is independent of data charges.
MSA
Metropolitan Service Area. The 306 United States urban areas (markets) designated by the FCC for licenses to operate the A Band and B Band cellular services. MSA’s comprise about 76% of the US population and about 22% of the land area.
MS
Mobile Station.
MSC
Mobile Switching Center. Equipment that provides services and communicates between external networks and cellular switches. Also the location of the equipment.
MSCID
Mobile Switching Center Identification. The combination of the SID and SWNO.
MSID
Mobile Station Identifier. The new term for MIN that is now used for ANSI‐2000 handsets and Devices—this term was introduced as a result of Local Number Portability implementation, where the MIN and MDN matching was eliminated in North American cellular deployments. See also MIN.
MSISDN
Mobile Station ISDN in GSM cellular networks. In North American GSM cedlular, the MSISDN is the same as the MDN. See also MDN.
MT-SMS
Mobile‐Terminated SMS. See also MO‐SMS and SMS.
MTSO
Mobile Telephone Switching Office. Older acronym for an MSC.
MVNO
Mobile Virtual Network Operator.
MWI
Message Waiting Indicator.

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NAI
Network Access Identifier. The NAI is used to address a user within a specific Internet domain. The format of an NAI is similar to that of an e‐mail address—it is comprised of a user portion that identifies the individual node and a realm portion that identifies an administration domain within the Internet. The two portions are separated by a “@” sign. For example, “user@realm” is an NAI.
NANP
North American Numbering Plan. An assignment of numbers that determines the assignment of area codes (commonly called the NPA) and exchanges (commonly called the Office Code or NXX).
NANPA
The North American Numbering Plan Administrator.
NDA
Non‐Disclosure Agreement.
NPA
Numbering Plan Area. A set of three digits ranging from 200 to 999 designating the area prefix for a telephone number in the NANP.
NXX
Exchange/Office Code. A set of three digits ranging from 000 to 999 designating the local prefix for a telecommunications central office within an NPA in the NANP.
NOC
Network Operation Center. The monitoring center maintained by Aeris to provide support for their Customers, to monitor the state of the network and take corrective action for any problems.

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OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer.
Office Code
See NXX.
OMA
Open Mobile Alliance
OPC
Origination Point Code. The address of a node on signaling networks that is the source of an SS7 message. The OPC and DPC are contained within the SS7 message.
OTA
Over The Air.
OTAP
Over The Air Programming.
OTASP
Over The Air Service Provisioning.
OTAPA
Over The Air Parameter Administration

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Packet-Radio
Collective term for 1xRTT and 1xEV‐DO (and others) data services in ANSI‐2000 CDMA cellular technologies, as well as GPRS and EDGE (and others) data services in ITU GSM cellular technologies.
Page Delivery
The page request sent from the Host and sent to the Device by Aeris. See also Data Delivery.
PC
See Point Code.
PDSN
Packet Data Support Node.
PLMN
Public Land Mobile Network.
Point Code
The address of a node on SS7 signaling networks.
POTS
Plain Old Telephone System (or Service). Just what it seems to be.
PPP
Point to Point Protocol. A standard for encapsulating data packets over a WAd link.
Primary MSID
The main MSID used by the Aeris Device. This is also the main account identifier for Aeris Devices.
PRL
Preferred Roaming List. Used in ANSI‐2000 CDMA cellular networks.
PSAP
Public Safety Answering Point.
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network. The wireline telephone system—generally including local and long‐distance service providers.
PTCRB
PCS Type Certification Review Board

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Quad-Band
The ability of a cellular device to operate in multiple world‐wide cellular band of frequencies. For example, a cellular device that can operate in the North American 800MHz and 1900MHz cellular frequency bands, as well as the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands used in non‐North American countries. See also Dual‐Mode.
Qualification
The process milestone that an Application and the related Host must pass at Aeris before a Customer can deploy commercial service to their customers using that Application and Host.
Also the milestone (different from the above Application and Host Qualification) that a Module must pass at Aeris before a Manufacturer can commercially market the Module to Developers.
Qualified Application
An Application that has passed Qualification by Aeris.
Qualified Host
A Host that has passed Qualification by Aeris.

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RAAM
Remote Access Application Message. An Aeris acronym used in early patent filings for the MicroBurst technology. It is not used in current Aeris technical documents.
RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial‐In User Service. RADIUS servers are responsible for receiving user connection requests, authenticating the user, and returning all configuration information necessary for the client to deliver service.
RBOC
Regional Bell Operating Company.
Radio
See Module (preferred term).
RAN
Radio Access Network.
RECC
Reverse Control Channel. The radio channel used for communication of control and origination messages from a cellular device to a BS.
REGNOT
Registration Notification.
RF
Radio Frequency.
RFID
Radio Frequency IDentification.
RPC
Remote Procedure Call.
RSA
Rural Service Area. The 448 United States rural areas (markets) designated by the FCC for licenses to operate the A Band and B Band cellular services.
RSSI
Received Signal Strength Indicator.
RVC
Reverse Voice Channel. The radio channel used for communication of voice or user data from a cellular device to the BS.

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SAP
Service Access Point.
SCP
Service (or Signal) Control Point. A node on an SS7 network that maintains the database information necessary to deliver advanced network services.
SDR
Service Determination Request. An SDR is a specially formatted transmission from a Module that requests the Aeris systems to respond with Aeris Network Service availability information (specifically, an SDRR) on a market.
SDRR
Service Determination Request Response. An SDRR is a forward page (or FDP or SMSDirect packet) from Aeris systems as a response to an SDR, and provides the requested information about the market—whether Aeris Network Services are available (and the type and length of service coverage and surrounding markets, if the Aeris Network Service capacity allows it).
Secondary MSID
Additional MSID slot within AMPS Modules that can receive cellular pages. These pages can be acted upon by the Module or sent to an attached Application processor.
SGSN
Serving GPRS Support Node.
SID
System Identification code. An identifier issued by the FCC for each market. It is also broadcast by the cellular carriers to allow cellular devices to distinguish between the home and roaming service. See also BSID.
SIM
Subscriber Identity Module. A hardware element (“smart card”) containing account information for a user on a GSM network. The SIM is inserted into a SIM holder in GSM cellular devices (the ME).
SMDPP
Short Message Delivery Point‐to‐Point message in SS7, used for SMS for example.
SME
Subject Matter Expert.
SMPP
Short Message Peer‐to‐Peer Protocol. An industry standard protocol for exchanging SMS packets between peers, such as an SMSC, and other entities.
SMS
Short Message Service. Short messages are a standard cellular mechanism available in digital cellular technologies to transport short packets of binary and text information on digital control channels. These packets are restricted to about 160 to 200 bytes of data, although some will be used for addressing.
SMSC
SMS Center.
SMSDirect
Brand name of the high‐reliability, high‐performance Aeris Network Service deployed by Aeris for the transmission of SMS bytes to and from Aeris Devices.
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.
SOAP
Simple Object Access Protocol. Used in Web Services.
SP
Signaling Point. A node in an SS7 network that either originates or redeives signaling messages.
SS
Supplementary Service.
SS7
Signaling System 7. A wide‐area data transmission protocol and network used to communicate between telecommunication equipment for signalling.
SSL
Secure Sockets Layer. A standard for encrypted client/server communication between network devices.
STP
Signal Transfer Point. The node in an SS7 network that is responsible for transferring (routing) signaling messages from one signaling link to another SP.
SWNO
Switch Number. A number to uniquely identify a switch within a group of switches associated with a common SID. See MSCID.
System Interface
The processes and connections that support the receipt of data, page requests, etc., to/from Aeris by the Host. System Interface also refers to the interface protocol for the connection from the Host to Aeris.

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Tandem Architecture
A physical network topology where connectivity between locations is achieved by linking several locations together in a chain using private line circuits.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. The set of protocols used to link computers across many kinds of networks. The protocol is computer and network independent and has been implemented on a wide variety of computers, oprrating systems and networks.
TCU
Terminal Control Unit.
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access. Digital cellular service method that separates multiple transmissions over a finite frequency allocation using multiple time slots for each frequency channel.
Note: The IS‐136 TDMA cellular service has been decommissioned.
TDS
Technical Data Sheet. The information that Aeris and Carriers use to describe their network nodes, CLLI codes, SS7 routing information and translation table methods.
Telematics
A term describing mobile wireless Applications for vehicles (such as location tracking, remote diagnostics, stolen vehicle surveillance, roadside assistance, etc.)
TIA
Telecommunications Industry Association. A Washington‐based telecommunications industry association. Members include hardware vendors, software developers, telecommunications consultants, cellular carriers, etc.
TLDN
Temporary Location Directory Number.

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UDP
Universal Datagram Protocol. A common “fire‐and‐forget” data protocol used to transfer data and information between processes—generally across an IP network. UDP does not provide acknowledgement of delivery and is generally considered too unreliable for use in high‐reliability information transfers.
UMTS
Universal Mobile Telephone Service. A 3G digital cellular service for high‐speed data and voice services. See also W‐CDMA.
URL
Uniform Resource Locator. A character string conforming to a standard format that refers to a resource (for example, a document or image file) on the Internet by its location.
USSD
Unstructured Supplementary Services Data.
UTC
Coordinated Universal Time. An international time reference standard. For more information, see Aeris Standard Date and Time Format Specification.

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Voice OnDemand
See Aeris Voice OnDemand.
VLR
Visitor Location Register. A remote database that caches certain subscriber data received from an HLR in order to avoid accessing the HLR every time the cellular device information is required.
VoIP
Voice over IP. A term for the encoding of voice into digital bits and transmitted over an IP network.
VPN
Virtual Private Network. A mechanism for providing a secure IP connection on an otherwise unsecure IP network.

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WAN
Wide Area Network.
WAP
Wireless Application Protocol. An open international standard for applications using wireless communications.
Web Service
A web‐based applications communications protocol that uses open, XML‐based standards and SOAP transports to communicate data. See www.w3.org.
WCDMA
Wide‐Band CDMA. A 3G digital cellular service method, employing CDMA transmissions. See also UMTS.
Wi-Fi
Wireless Fidelity. A set of compatibility standards for WLANs based on the IEEE 802.11 specifications.
WiMAX
A wireless data standard based on the IEEE 802.16 specifications.
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network.
WSDL
Web Service Description Language

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XML
eXtended Markup Language